Exploding the ivory tower myth | University of Cambridge
Ivory Towers. Edit · History. Comments Share. Ivory Towers Objective: Guests: ; Rating: ; Date: October 31, Year 3. In a dystopian America dominated by Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan, a young woman discovers a mysterious film that may hold the key to toppling the. Once the preserve of geeks and perverts, internet dating is fast losing its parents (ann-estetyka.info) to university graduates (ann-estetyka.info). I don't have any obvious hobbies that could match me with trombone players, say, or lovers of white-water rafting. .. Visit ancient castles & taste local wines.
However, once we move beyond this narrow perspective to include knowledge exchange that spans people-based, problem-solving and community-orientated activities, the arts and humanities display as rich and diverse a set of connections as other disciplines, and a particularly wide-range of third sector and community interactions.
Academics from the arts and humanities therefore emerge as highly connected with the UK economy and society. Moreover, these interactions are regarded by the academics involved as strongly supportive of scholarship and represent a two-way complementary interaction with external organisations. The notion therefore that knowledge exchange is an activity driven solely by commercial and pecuniary interests is mis-founded — for most academics in the arts and humanities, the main impact of connecting with others is complementary to their research and their teaching.
Even within a narrow commercialisation perspective, a disaggregation of the arts and humanities to distinguish the creative arts and media from other humanities reveals that the former displays connection characteristics as deep as other disciplines and with considerable private sector and commercial interactions. The business survey responses also reveal a pattern of interactions with academics that spans all disciplines and stretches beyond patenting and licensing.
Businesses frequently use multiple disciplinary sources including the arts and humanities to address a wide range of activities spanning marketing and organisational change and which go beyond a focus on technology development. University as a public space Many academics from the arts and humanities and those from other disciplines do not connect with external organisations because it is not considered necessary for their research or teaching.
Two striking findings of the research in this respect are, first, that the connections which are made are most frequently initiated by the external organisations that academics partner and, second, that they are not initially instigated via technology transfer offices.
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For knowledge exchange to be effective and provide benefits to all partners, the development of mutual understanding and management of expectations are crucial. Where there are areas in which improved connectivity would support both academic pursuits and wider social and economic objectives, knowledge exchange can therefore be best improved by mechanisms that can support informal interaction, the discovery of mutual interests and the subsequent development and management of relationships.
Until the 13th century and start of the 14th centuries, their design was heterogeneous, however this period saw the emergence of a standard plan in the region: Arrowslits did not compromise the wall's strength, but it was not until Edward I's programme of castle building that they were widely adopted in Europe.
Although machicolations performed the same purpose as the wooden galleries, they were probably an Eastern invention rather than an evolution of the wooden form. Conflict and interaction between the two groups led to an exchange of architectural ideas, and Spanish Christians adopted the use of detached towers.
The Man in the High Castle
These were the men who built all the most typical twelfth-century fortified castles remaining to-day". The new castles were generally of a lighter build than earlier structures and presented few innovations, although strong sites were still created such as that of Raglan in Wales. At the same time, French castle architecture came to the fore and led the way in the field of medieval fortifications.
Artillery powered by gunpowder was introduced to Europe in the s and spread quickly. Handguns, which were initially unpredictable and inaccurate weapons, were not recorded until the s. These guns were too heavy for a man to carry and fire, but if he supported the butt end and rested the muzzle on the edge of the gun port he could fire the weapon. The gun ports developed in this period show a unique feature, that of a horizontal timber across the opening.
A hook on the end of the gun could be latched over the timber so the gunner did not have to take the full recoil of the weapon. This adaptation is found across Europe, and although the timber rarely survives, there is an intact example at Castle Doornenburg in the Netherlands.
Gunports were keyhole shaped, with a circular hole at the bottom for the weapon and a narrow slit on top to allow the gunner to aim. Defences against guns were not developed until a later stage. In an effort to make them more effective, guns were made ever bigger, although this hampered their ability to reach remote castles. By the s guns were the preferred siege weapon, and their effectiveness was demonstrated by Mehmed II at the Fall of Constantinople.
While this sufficed for new castles, pre-existing structures had to find a way to cope with being battered by cannon. An earthen bank could be piled behind a castle's curtain wall to absorb some of the shock of impact. A solution to this was to pull down the top of a tower and to fill the lower part with the rubble to provide a surface for the guns to fire from.
Lowering the defences in this way had the effect of making them easier to scale with ladders. A more popular alternative defence, which avoided damaging the castle, was to establish bulwarks beyond the castle's defences. These could be built from earth or stone and were used to mount weapons. First used in Italy, it allowed the evolution of artillery forts that eventually took over the military role of castles. Piscivorous fish fish-eating, like tuna, that are high on the food web are generally worse for the environment than herbivorous fish plant-eating, like tilapia because they must eat many smaller fish to survive.
In other words, it takes a large quantity of feeder fish to produce a small quantity of piscivorous fish. Eating piscivorous fish also puts you at a higher risk of ingesting toxic compounds such as mercury, which bioaccumulate in top-of-the-food chain fish. Adding in the choices of wild-caught and farm-raised complicates the matter further, with some species or even subspecies being more sustainable in either situation. The good news is that you do not have to figure all of this out yourself.
Seafood Watch also suggests sustainable seafood recipes and business partners for your next night out. The seafood selection at my local grocery store. Do you know which choices are sustainable?
Check your knowledge at Fish Watchthe U. Plastic packaging and waste The products and packaging that we buy can make its way into our oceans, harming humans and marine life along the way. Sarah recently discussed the growing plastic pollution problem in her latest blog.
Try following her tips — like buying in bulk and carrying reusable canvas bags for grocery shopping — to reduce waste whenever possible. As a citizen scientist: Data collection Citizen science, also called crowd-sourced science, uses citizen volunteers to collect the data scientists need to enhance conservation. For example, the Marine Debris Tracker app lets citizen scientists report marine trash to enhance awareness and provide key scientific data.