Alabama Age of Consent & Statutory Rape Laws
The law in Victoria sets clear age limits for when you can legally have sex. This is called the age of consent. A person can be charged with a. Sexual relations with someone under the Age of Consent are considered statutory rape, even (in some jurisdictions), if both partners are themselves younger. Important information about age of consent in Canada. According to the law, sexual activity can include kissing, touching, exposing body parts, showing.
- Age differences in relationships
- What Do I Need to Know About Age of Consent?
- The age of consent debate: Where does Ireland stand?
The age of consent for homosexual sex between males will be reduced from 17 years to 16 years as part of major reforms forced on the legislature by the Supreme Court's decision that found the laws here on statutory rape to be unconstitutional.
The Government is convinced that any moves changing the age of consent for both heterosexual and homosexual teenage sex must be both gender neutral and sexual-orientation neutral or they could be unconstitutional.
Age of consent
The Sunday Independent has also learned the Government will resist simply reinstating the offences under the Act with minor alterations to take account of the Supreme Court decision. Instead, the preferred option will be a single set ofoffences of sexual intercourse with children under the age of 14 where consent could never be a defence.
It would mean that any man found guilty of having sex with a year-old girl would face a life sentence.
Secondly, a separate set of laws will be introduced governing young people aged between 14 and 16 years where consensual sexual activity between teenagers would not automatically be a crime. It is understood Justice Minister Michael McDowell is reluctant to to consider a situation in which two consenting year-olds having sex would be commiting a crime punishable by three years in prison - a proposal which the Government claims forms part of FG's proposals in a Bill which has been circulated.
To get around this, the Government will introduce legislation which takes account of inequality of age.
What Do I Need to Know About Age of Consent? - Teen Health Source
One of the possibilities is that consensual sex between the ages of 14 years and 16 years will be decriminalised - if the age difference between those engaging in both homosexual and heterosexual intercourse is no more than two years. This would mean that, under the proposed new legislation, a year-old male could have sexual intercourse with a year-old girl and not face prosecution.
It is understood that Minister Michael McDowell believes that two years is an appropriate age difference. In some jurisdictions, the so-called "peer sex" or age difference defence is within five years between the two parties. However, this is regarded as too wide by the current Minister because, depending on exact date of birth, it would raise the possibility that a mature male almost reaching the age of 20 could have sex with an immature girl of 14 years without facing prosecution.
It is understood that there could well be room for negotiation on this issue and that a three-year age difference could be introduced as a compromise. It is understood that the Department of Justice was totally unaware that the Supreme Court challenge to the current statutory rape laws was coming down the line as no advance notification had been received.
Jurisdictions use a variety of terms for the offense, including child sexual abusestatutory rapeillegal carnal knowledgecorruption of a minor,  besides others. The enforcement practices of age-of-consent laws vary depending on the social sensibilities of the particular culture see above.
Often, enforcement is not exercised to the letter of the law, with legal action being taken only when a sufficiently socially-unacceptable age gap exists between the two individuals, or if the perpetrator is in a position of power over the minor e.
The sex of each participant can also influence perceptions of an individual's guilt and therefore enforcement. Most jurisdictions have set a fixed age of consent.
Ages can also vary based on the type of calendar used, such as the Lunar calendar how birth dates in leap years are handled, or even the method by which birth date is calculated. Reasonable belief that the victim is over the age of consent In some jurisdictions it is a defense if the accused can show that he or she reasonably believed the victim was over the age of consent.
Age of Consent Laws By Country
However, where such a defense is provided, it normally applies only when the victim is close to the age of consent or the accused can show due diligence in determining the age of the victim e. Close-in-age exemptions Some jurisdictions have laws explicitly allowing sexual acts with minors under the age of consent if their partner is close in age to them.
For instance, in Canadathe age of consent is 16, but there are two close-in-age exemptions: For example, the age of consent in the US state of Delaware is 18, but it is allowed for teenagers aged 16 and 17 to engage in sexual intercourse as long as the older partner is younger than In both the United Kingdom and Western Australia, for example, the age of consent was originally 21 for same-sex sexual activity between males with no laws regarding lesbian sexual activitieswhile it was 16 for heterosexual sexual activity; this is no longer the case.
In Canadathe age of consent for anal sex is officially higher at 18 years, compared with 16 years for vaginal and oral sex. In countries where there are gender-age differentials, the age of consent may be higher for girls—for example in Papua New Guineawhere the age of consent for heterosexual sex is 16 for girls and 14 for boys,  or they may be higher for males, such as in Indonesia, where males must be 19 years old and females must be 16 years old. In these jurisdictions, it is illegal to have sexual intercourse outside of marriage, so the de facto age of consent is the marriageable age.